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Since opening in 1939, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport has established itself as a world-class, award-winning airport providing 2.8 million passengers with convenient access into and out of Canada’s largest city each year. Located on Toronto Island, just minutes from downtown, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport offers service to more than 20 cities in Canada and the U.S., with connection opportunities to more than 100 international destinations via our airlines’ networks. Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport is an essential transportation gateway that drives tourism, trade and resident connectivity in the City of Toronto.

Conceived in the 1930s as the main airport for Toronto, the construction of what is now Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport was completed in 1939 by the Toronto Harbour Commission (THC), a predecessor of PortsToronto.

On February 4, 1939, H.F. McLean of Montreal landed a Stinson SR-9F Reliant aircraft at Toronto’s new airport, marking the beginning of 85 years of flight at Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport.

That same year, on September 8, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport welcomed its first commercial passenger flight, a charter flight carrying famed trumpet player and conductor Tommy Dorsey and his swing-band arrived in Toronto for a two-day engagement at the Canadian National Exhibition (CNE).

Beginning in 1939, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport has served as an important commercial aviation centre connecting Toronto to the world; a training ground for both the Royal Canadian and Royal Norwegian Air Forces during World War II; a hub for General Aviation and life-saving emergency Medevac services; and as a key driver of Toronto’s economy.

Today, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport also plays an important role in the sustainable future of Toronto by supporting environmental innovation, community programming and sustainable infrastructure for the city. Since 2010, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport has used 100 per cent renewable energy from Bullfrog Power to power all its operations – everything from the moving sidewalks in the pedestrian tunnel to the airfield lights to powering the 100 per cent electric Marilyn Bell ferry.

Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport is a travel hub of choice for business and leisure travellers alike and one of the most walkable, bikeable airports in North America. It also serves as a base for Ornge air ambulance services, two Fixed Base Operators, FlyGTA and Heli Tours, and is home to a personal/general aviation community that includes approximately 50 private planes and one flight school.

Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport has a long and rich history along the waterfront, and is committed to continuing its journey as a world class airport. Join us this year, as we celebrate Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport’s 85 Years of flight with activations, events and giveaways.

Timeline of Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport

Discussions began in the late 1920s between City of Toronto officials and the federal Department of Transport to decide on a suitable location for a major city airport.

The airport location aerial photo 1920

The aviation industry grew rapidly in the 1930s as airplanes became a regular method of passenger and commercial transportation, and Toronto Island seemed a logical place for a municipal airport in Toronto—the island’s proximity to Lake Ontario meant it could accommodate floatplanes, connecting passengers and goods quicker to Toronto.

As part of Prime Minister R.B. Bennett’s “Canadian New Deal” in 1935, a public works project was initiated to build a two-thousand-foot tunnel to run from the foot of Bathurst Street under the Western Gap to the Island. Once vehicular access to the Island was secured, construction of an airport could soon follow.

On August 8, 1935, City Council approved both the tunnel and the airport projects.

Seaplane on lake Ontario Seaplanes at beginnings of airport Refueling seaplane

Soon after work began on the tunnel under the Western Gap to connect the Island to the mainland, a federal election and change in political leadership would stall and eventually cancel the project. By August 1936, the large hole constructed by Public Works was filled in.

construction crews digging aerial view of tunnel construction site

Despite setbacks, the City of Toronto did not abandon its plans to build an airport. On November 18, 1937, the City created an Advisory Airport Committee, led by WWI flying ace William “Billy” Bishop, which was tasked with investigating locations where a Toronto municipal airport could be built.

Billy Bishop standing infront of fighter plane

On July 9, 1937, Toronto City Council, advised by the federal Department of Transportation, gave its stamp of approval to use property on the Western Channel of the Toronto Islands developed as a combined airplane and seaplane base. Work began on the site in that same year.

Work beginning on the site of the airport with city in background land levelled on island

In 1937, the first ferry to offer service across the Western Gap channel was commissioned to transport workers and supplies as construction began on what would become Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport.

Ferry coming into port with 20 men on board

The airport administration building, commonly known as Terminal A, was designed and built by the Toronto Harbour Commission (PortsToronto predecessor) in the spring of 1939—it’s twin was built at Malton (now Pearson international Airport) the same year. Terminal A served as the airport’s terminal from 1939 until 2010, when the building was moved to the south side of the airport’s runway.

Terminal A Construction Foundations being poured for hangar 1 Terminal A Framing Construction Men in front of terminal A Completed terminal A

Anticipating a visit by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in the spring of 1939, the airport officially opened as the Port George VI Island Airport. When operations began however, the moniker Toronto Island Airport became the most commonly used.

Aerial view of the completed airport

H.F. McLean of Montreal in a Stinson SR-9F Reliant piloted the first flight to land at the new Island Airport, on February 4, 1939. Harry Falconer McLean (18 February 1881 – April 1961) was a Canadian railway contractor and eccentric philanthropist. He played a leading role in the construction of much of the trans-Canadian railways, eventually becoming the president of the Dominion Atlantic Railway company. H.F. McLean carried out many large construction projects in eastern Canada and Manitoba in the 1920 – 1940 period and a well-known to railway historians. At eight of the projects McLean erected a cairn to which was attached cast bronze plates on which were the words of the poem “The Sons of Martha” by Rudyard Kipling. This is a eulogy for the workers and McLean erected these cairns as a tribute to his workers and, in particular, those who died on these projects.

Several planes around the hanger with runway in foreground

Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport’s first ferry was built by the Toronto Harbour Commission (now PortsToronto) and could transport up to 48 passengers to the newly completed airport. To travel to and from the airport, the ferry was pulled across the Western Gap channel by a pair of chain cables. Serving for 25 years, the cable ferry was often called into service in icy conditions to bring Toronto Island residents to and from the mainland.

Ferry 20 feet away from dock on an icy day Travelers loading on to the ferry ferry chain

The first commercial passenger flight to the airport was on September 8, 1939, when a charter flight carrying trumpet player and Conductor Tommy Dorsey along with his swing-band landed in Toronto for a two-day engagement at the Canadian National Exhibition.

Picture of car in foreground with airport terminal in background. Comment from American airlines President: no other city on the content had such splendid airport facilities as Toronto...

After war was declared in September of 1939, the airport’s operations shifted as civilian flying declined and military operations were settled on the island airport. From 1939 to 1943, the airport became a training facility for the Royal Norwegian Air Force, and barracks were built on the mainland at the foot of Bathurst Street.

The Royal Norwegian Air Force continued to make use of the airport, chiefly for repairing and overhauling their aircraft, however military activities were largely confined to the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). In early 1943, the “Little Norway” training facilities were transferred to the RCAF. This camp is now known as “Lakeside Camp”.

world-war-planes.jpg littlenorway.jpg world-war-lineup.jpg war-terminal1.jpg

In 1945, at the close of WWII, Air Force activities ceased and civilian flying resumed at the island airport. By 1946 various civilian operations were established at the airport, including flying schools, charters and an aircraft repair shop.

Float plane on land being looked at by mechanics post-war.jpg

On September 19, 1953, Air Traffic Control by visual means was established by the Department of Transport. By December 5, the final installation of equipment was completed and “Island Tower” was officially opened by Allan A. Lamport, then Mayor of Toronto. Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport in the 1956 was increasing in popularity as the way to travel with takeoffs and landings at the island reaching a record 130,000 passengers per year.

Lady and Gentleman smiling with air traffic control light in hand.

Below: Dec 5, 1953 at Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport. Official opening at the tower control. Controller Geral Thornton and Margaret Dunseith.

Man on radio with lady in background with air traffic control light

From 1958 to 1962, the airport underwent an improvement and expansion project. Fill from Western Channel dredging operations was deposited on the east and west sides of the airport to permit a runway extension of 4,000 feet. Airport improvements, including a new hangar, the new runway, and night-time landing lights were also completed.

Aerial view of Downtown, Toronto Island and the airport

An official meteorological observation station was established at the airport by the Department of Transport, providing pilots with on-the-spot briefing facilities and airport staff with an early-warning system to assist in the protection of aircraft from bad weather and high winds.

Meteorologists infront of complex panel of switches

New lighting was installed to permit night flying. On April 15, 1963, night-time flights began and the airport extended its closing hour from one half-hour before sundown to midnight.

Prop plane infront of terminal at night

The airport cable ferry was taken out of service in the early 1960s and replaced by the Tug Thomas Langton. In the depths of winter, if the ferry slip filled with ice, the Tug Langton would be hooked up to a vehicle and pulled to a sidewall to let passengers on and off.

Tug boat at dock in winter

The Maple City ferry took over ferry operations in 1965, carrying up to 40 passengers and six cars to and from the airport. While no longer in service today, it remains on standby as a reserve unit.

Boat with fuel truck and people on board going from mainland to airport

Austin Airways Ltd. plane. Based in Timmins, Ontario, Austin Airways was founded in 1934 and played a major role in opening northern Ontario for business. In 1987, it became part of Air Ontario, which in turn became part of what is now Air Canada Jazz.

Commercial aircraft infront of air terminal

On February 2, 1952, Margaret Dunseith began working in the control tower of Toronto Island Airport. She began her career in aviation during the Second World War as an air traffic control assistant. By 1972, she was one of the first women in Canada to fully quality as an air traffic controller and was a fixture at the Island airport until her retirement in 1980.

A lady and a gentleman in air traffic control looking out over the runway

In 1973, an instrument flight landing system for Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) aircraft was successfully tested at the Island Airport.

Aircraft in foreground aerial photograph with downtown Toronto and the Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport in the distance

In 1975, the Island Airport was used as the base for Olga, a Sikorsky S-64 Skycrane helicopter used to dismantle the crane of the new CN Tower.

Once the pouring of the concrete was completed in 1974, the final stages of building the world’s tallest Tower were about to begin (Tallest freestanding structure in the world 1975–2007. Tallest freestanding structure in the western hemisphere). The last thing to be added to the Tower was the 335-foot steel broadcasting antenna, consisting of 44 pieces—the heaviest weighing 8-tonnes.

Before the antenna could be lifted, however, the giant crane used for four years of round-the-clock service to build the Tower had to be dismantled and brought down.

To do all this moving, “Olga”—a 10-tonne Sikorsky helicopter used primarily for industrial lifting – was flown to Toronto. And on her first trip, tragedy almost struck.

As Olga was removing the first piece of the boom, the crane lurched, twisting and seizing the supporting bolts. Now hovering at about 1,500 feet, Olga was basically attached to the Tower, with 50 minutes of fuel (the job was supposed to take only 12 minutes). The crane couldn’t just be released, either. The operator was still inside. Steel workers scrambled up and burned off the bolts, finally releasing the crane from the Tower. Olga landed with about 14 minutes of fuel left. After this brush with danger Olga performed the rest of the work flawlessly. As each piece of antenna was raised, workers would stand at the top and help maneuver the new piece and bolt into place. And all this where the Tower is only 5-feet in diameter and with gusting winds and freezing temperatures. It took more than three weeks before the final piece of antenna was secured by high rigger Paul Mitchell on April 2, 1975. He even danced a little jig to celebrate—1815-feet above the earth.

Helicopter above the CN tower helping it being constructed

Toronto Island Airport celebrates 50 years. In this same year, the new control tower at the Island Airport is officially dedicated as the Margaret R. Dunseith Building, in memory of Canada’s first female air traffic controller.

50 year anniversary logo with airport and downtown Toronto in background

In 1990, the Island Airport was renamed the Toronto City Centre Airport (TCCA).

In 1999, the operation of the airport was turned over to the recently created Toronto Port Authority (TPA), which took over the responsibilities of the Toronto Harbour Commission, including the airport and port functions.

In 2006, the David Hornell Ferry was put into commission, replacing the aging Maple City Ferry which had been in service since 1951. The David Hornell carries 150 passengers on its upper deck and 20 vehicles on its lower deck. To this day, the David Hornell ferry continues to serve as a back-up ferry for Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport.

In 2006, Porter Airlines started operating out of Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport, as well as Air Canada. Today, serving more that 20+ destinations in Canada and the United States.

Porter airline plane on the runway with downtown Toronto in the background

At its annual meeting on September 3, 2009, the Toronto Port Authority announced that it would rename the airport after William Avery “Billy” Bishop, a Canadian First World War flying ace and Victoria Cross recipient.

That same year, the Toronto Port Authority chose 100 per cent renewable energy from Bullfrog POwer for all its operations, including Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport. Billy Bishop in a plane cockpit, closeup

2010 marked the beginning of construction on the pedestrian tunnel to Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport. A new ferry, named the Marilyn Bell, went into service on January 22 of this year. Terminal A, in operation since 1939, was decommissioned and the new Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport terminal was opened. In this year, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport welcomed 1.2 million passengers an increase of over 48 per cent from the previous year.

old airport terminal

The Marilyn Bell I ferry went into service in January 2010. Through an online contest, passengers and Toronto residents voted to name the ferry after Canadian sports legend Marilyn Bell. In 1954, Bell became the first person to swim across Lake Ontario at the age of 16. Later, she would also become the youngest person to swim the English Channel and the Strait of Juan de Fuca.

In 2018, the Marilyn Bell ferry was upgraded to bio-diesel fuel. In 2019, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport announced plans to convert the airport’s Marilyn Bell ferry to 100 per cent electric power and the vessel’s diesel generators and engines were removed in 2021 to make way for a new electric power and propulsion system and a suite of lithium-ion batteries fueled by 100 per cent Bullfrog Power renewable electricity.

In December 2021 the Marilyn Bell became the first ferry service in Canada powered by a zero-emission power and propulsion system containing no diesel components. Powered entirely by electricity from clean wind and solar sources provided by Bullfrog Power, the retrofitted Marilyn Bell has eliminated greenhouse gas emissions from the ferry operation, reducing the airport’s direct emissions by approximately 530 tonnes per year.

Marilyn Bell infront of the new ferry in the channel

In 2010 PortsToronto began its partnership with Bullfrog Power to power all of its operations including Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport with 100 per cent renewable energy. In 2022, this agreement was renewed and Billy Bishop remains the only airport in Canada to be 100 per cent powered by renewable electricity.

Since joining the bullfrogpowered community, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport has displaced more than 19,197 tonnes of CO2 — the same amount of CO2 emissions produced by the consumption of 8,139,213 litres of gasoline. This is the equivalent of taking 4,166 cars off the road for one year or diverting more than 6,527 tonnes of waste from the landfill. It is the amount of carbon that would be sequestered by about 9,323 hectares of forest in one year.

The Toronto Port Authority constructed a noise barrier at Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport in 2012. The 93-metre long, 6-metre wide noise barrier mitigates aircraft noise in the surrounding community.

Noise barrier close-up

Excavation of the pedestrian tunnel was completed in October 2013, followed by installation of waterproofing and reinforcing steel and concrete.

Beginnings of tunnel construction with escalator Tunnel with workers on ceiling

Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport launched WebTrak, an important advancement in the airport’s noise management strategy. WebTrak is an online service that allows individuals to locate and track aircraft on their computer and receive information such as the aircraft type, its destination and point of departure.

Photo taken from the ground of a plane in air with city in background

In 2015, the pedestrian tunnel to Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport was officially opened, 10-storeys below the Western Gap at the base of Bathurst Street. This tunnel allows passengers to walk to and from the airport in 6 minutes and dramatically improved passenger flow. More than 90% of travellers opt to take the pedestrian tunnel.

In addition to improving access to the airport, the pedestrian tunnel carries new water and sanitary lines to serve residents and businesses on the Toronto islands, the result of a landmark agreement with the City of Toronto that saved municipal taxpayers over $10 million.

That same year, the Toronto Port Authority rebranded and began doing business as PortsToronto.

Tunnel with movators with passengers on them

In 2016, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport broke ground on a significant three-year Airfield Rehabilitation Program to replace aging infrastructure, including the lighting and paving for runways, taxiways and apron areas of the airport.

This year also saw the completion and official opening of the Ground Run-Up Enclosure, a structure that reduces the acoustic impact from required engine run-ups, only the second of its kind in Canada.

Engine runup structure in background Construction work at night

In June 2023 Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport confirmed that a US CBP Preclearance facility will be built at the airport, and is expected to be operational as of 2025.

The facility will take between 18-24 months to complete and, once constructed, will provide Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport passengers with the opportunity to clear customs in Toronto, rather than having to clear customs upon landing at US airports. Preclearance will also open up new markets to the US, allowing Canadians to access smaller airports which do not currently have US CBP. This will open up at least 20 new destinations in the U.S. for our airlines to service for those flying out of Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport.

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